Lichen sclerosus (LS) is a disease of the skin of unclear etiology that can occur in the foreskin. Topical therapy with corticosteroids is recommended, but they can have side effects.
We aimed to compare the effects of ozonides with vitamin E acetate (OZOILE) versus topical corticosteroid in children undergoing circumcision.
Twenty children undergoing circumcision were treated before surgery: 10 children with OZOILE cream and 10 with 0.1% mometasone furoate once a day for 7 days. Ten age-matched patients with LS of the foreskin without any treatment were recruited as controls. Transcript levels of proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines and e-cadherin were evaluated in removed foreskins by qRT-PCR.
OZOILE and steroid topical treatment produced a similar reduction of TNF-α and IL-1β mRNA levels in foreskins from patients with LS when compared to untreated patients (p < 0.001). OZOILE and steroid treatment caused an increase in the transcript levels of IL-13 and e-cadherin in the foreskin of patients affected by LS in comparison to untreated foreskin (p < 0.001).
On the basis of our biochemical data, a randomized clinical trial might be useful to verify the actual clinical effect of OZOILE as alternative treatment to corticosteroids in children affected by LS of the foreskin.