Osteoprotective Effects in Postmenopausal Osteoporosis Rat Model: Oral Tocotrienol vs. Intraosseous Injection of Tocotrienol-Poly Lactic-Co-Glycolic Acid Combination

Nurul 'Izzah Ibrahim, Hasnul 'Iffah Mohd Noor, Ahmad Naqib Shuid, Sharlina Mohamad, Mohd Maaruf Abdul Malik, Putri Ayu Jayusman, Ahmad Nazrun Shuid, Isa Naina Mohamed

Front Pharmacol . 2021 Nov 18;12:706747. doi: 10.3389/fphar.2021.706747. eCollection 2021.

Abstract Osteoporosis, the most common bone disease, is associated with compromised bone strength and increased risk of fracture. Previous studies have shown that oxidative stress contributes to the progression of osteoporosis. Specifically, for postmenopausal osteoporosis, the reduction in estrogen levels leads to increased oxidative stress in bone remodeling. Tocotrienol, a member of vitamin E that Read more…

Quercetin and vitamin E alleviate ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis by modulating autophagy and apoptosis in rat bone cells

Sina Vakili, Fatemeh Zal, Zohreh Mostafavi-Pour, Amir Savardashtaki, Farhad Koohpeyma

J Cell Physiol . 2020 Oct 8. doi: 10.1002/jcp.30087. Online ahead of print.

Abstract Osteoporosis is the most prevalent metabolic bone disease and one of the most important postmenopausal consequences. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of quercetin (Q) and vitamin E (vitE) on ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis. Animals were ovariectomized and treated with Q (15 mg/kg/day), vitE (60 mg/kg/day), estradiol (10 µg/kg/day), and Q (7.5 Read more…

The Effects of Tocotrienol on Bone Peptides in a Rat Model of Osteoporosis Induced by Metabolic Syndrome: The Possible Communication between Bone Cells

Wong SK, Chin KY, Ima-Nirwana S

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 Sep 9;16(18). pii: E3313. doi: 10.3390/ijerph16183313.

Abstract A positive association between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and osteoporosis has been demonstrated in previous animal studies. The mechanisms of MetS in orchestrating the bone remodelling process have traditionally focused on the interactions between mature osteoblasts and osteoclasts, while the role of osteocytes is unexplored. Our earlier studies demonstrated the bone-promoting effects of tocotrienol using a rat model of osteoporosis Read more…

The Role of Tocotrienol in Preventing Male Osteoporosis-A Review of Current Evidence

Chin KY, Ima-Nirwana S

Int J Mol Sci. 2019 Mar 18;20(6). pii: E1355. doi: 10.3390/ijms20061355.

Abstract Male osteoporosis is a significant but undetermined healthcare problem. Men suffer from a higher mortality rate post-fracture than women and they are marginalized in osteoporosis treatment. The current prophylactic agents for osteoporosis are limited. Functional food components such as tocotrienol may be an alternative option for osteoporosis prevention in men. This paper aims to review the Read more…

Identifying Potential Therapeutics for Osteoporosis by Exploiting the Relationship between Mevalonate Pathway and Bone Metabolism

Wan Hasan WN, Chin KY, Jolly JJ, Abd Ghafar N, Soelaiman IN.

Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets. 2018 Apr 23. doi: 10.2174/1871530318666180423122409. [Epub ahead of print]

Abstract BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a silent skeletal disease characterized by low bone mass and destruction of skeletal microarchitecture, leading to an increased fracture risk. This occurs due to an imbalance in bone remodelling, whereby the rate of bone resorption is greater than bone formation. Mevalonate pathway, previously known to involve in cholesterol synthesis, is an Read more…

Effects of tocotrienol from Bixa orellana (annatto) on bone histomorphometry in a male osteoporosis model induced by buserelin

Mohamad NV, Soelaiman IN, Chin KY.

Biomed Pharmacother. 2018 Apr 16;103:453-462. doi: 10.1016/j.biopha.2018.04.083. [Epub ahead of print]

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis is a debilitating skeletal side effect of androgen deprivation therapy based on gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist in men. Tocotrienol from Bixa orellana (annatto) has been demonstrated to offer protection against osteoporosis by exerting anabolic effects on bone. Thus, it may prevent osteoporosis among GnRH agonist users. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine Read more…

Effect of tocotrienol from Bixa orellana (annatto) on bone microstructure, calcium content, and biomechanical strength in a model of male osteoporosis induced by buserelin.

Mohamad NV, Ima-Nirwana S, Chin KY.

Drug Des Devel Ther. 2018 Mar 16;12:555-564. doi: 10.2147/DDDT.S158410. eCollection 2018.

Abstract Background: Patients receiving androgen deprivation therapy experience secondary hypogonadism, associated bone loss, and increased fracture risk. It has been shown that tocotrienol from Bixa orellana (annatto) prevents skeletal microstructural changes in rats experiencing primary hypogonadism. However, its potential in preventing bone loss due to androgen deprivation therapy has not been tested. This study aimed Read more…

Is Your Vitamin E Intake High Enough To Prevent Osteoporosis?

In a recently published study in The Journal of Nutrition, researchers examined the link between vitamin E intake and bone health in an animal model. Vitamin E intake has recently been the focus of multiple bone health studies due to its reported beneficial effects. For this reason, scientists believe that vitamin E may be particularly helpful Read more…

The Effects of Targeted Deliveries of Lovastatin and Tocotrienol on Ossification-Related Gene Expressions in Fracture Healing in an Osteoporosis Rat Model.

Ibrahim N, Mohamed N, Soelaiman IN, Shuid AN.

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2015 Oct 16;12(10):12958-76

Abstract Osteoporotic drugs are used to prevent fragility fractures, but their role in fracture healing still remains unknown. Thus, alternative agents with suitable mode of delivery are needed to promote fracture healing. This study was performed to investigate the effects of direct deliveries of lovastatin and tocotrienol to fracture sites on ossification-related gene expression in Read more…

Targeted Delivery of Lovastatin and Tocotrienol to Fracture Site Promotes Fracture Healing in Osteoporosis Model: Micro-Computed Tomography and Biomechanical Evaluation

Ibrahim N', Khamis MF, Mod Yunoh MF, Abdullah S, Mohamed N, Shuid AN.

PLoS One. 2014; 9(12): e115595.

Abstract Osteoporosis is becoming a major health problem that is associated with increased fracture risk. Previous studies have shown that osteoporosis could delay fracture healing. Although there are potential agents available to promote fracture healing of osteoporotic bone such as statins andtocotrienol, studies on direct delivery of these agents to the fracture site are limited. Read more…